Cardamom - How To Use

(Also known as Small Cardamom, Green Cardamom, True Cardamom and Queen of the spices)

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A spice much appreciated in India for its eucalyptus, citrusy and floral notes, alternatively called "the vanilla of India.". White, brown or green cardamom pods enclose numerous angular seeds. We recommend avoiding white cardamom as they are bleached for aesthetical reasons with a further dilution of aroma. Part of the ginger family, cardamom is used in both sweet and savoury dishes. A highly aromatic spice with cool minty notes. Green cardamom is more versatile than black cardamom with smoky notes and almost nil sweetness, meaning it is not suited to desserts. 

Cardamom is the third most costly spice in the world — just behind Saffron and vanilla. Alongside India, Guatemala, Sri Lanka and Tanzania, they are considered the leading producers. 

Although it is less familiar to many Western cooks, it is indispensable to the cooking of India (especially southern India) and throughout the Middle East. Native to India and Sri Lanka, Cardamom has been an important trading commodity for those countries for at least a thousand years. In India, it is widely used to flavour curries, dals, masalas (spice mixtures), rice, pastries, and puddings, as well as for tea. In the Middle East, you will observe cardamom in spice mixes for various pilau rice and wheat dishes and the flavouring of coffee. It is also used extensively in Scandinavia and Germany to flavour all kinds of bread, cakes, and other pastries, similar to some Irish and British bakes. 

Health

Cardamom has antioxidant and diuretic properties and may reduce blood pressure. Known for its cooling properties and for boosting digestive health and treatment against gastrointestinal issues. Traditionally it is also used in mouth infections such as sore throat, teeth and gums, often found in tea.  It is known as an antidote for the poison of certain snake bites. 

Interesting Facts

  • India has a 2000-year-old history of using cardamom for culinary and medicinal purposes.
  • Held in high esteem as a perfume and digestive aid in ancient Greece and Rome. In the 9th Century, historians suggest that the Vikings encountered cardamom when they invaded Constantinople, the then capital of the Roman empire. They took it back to Scandinavia, where it is still a popular flavour in bread and bakes.
  • In the 19th Century, it was grown as a secondary crop in coffee plantations of British India. 
  • The Arab world consumes sixty per cent of the world's cardamom. It is a pivotal ingredient in a coffee blend called "Gahwa" that has always served as a symbol of hospitality for guests. In the Canterbury Tales, writer Geoffrey Chaucer wrote that cardamom is "The Spice of Paradise." 

Chief Flavour Compound

Cineole: (sharp, eucalyptus and herbal) colourless oily liquid, with a pungent fragrance and balance of cool and spicy in taste. Also found in black cardamom, galangal, nutmeg and rosemary. 

Blends to try with Cardamom
  • Advieh BERENJ
  • Advieh-E HALEGH
  • Advieh-E KHORESH
  • BAHĀRĀT GULF OF ARABIA
  • MITMITA
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